The quote"You don't remember what happened. What you remember becomes what happened" encapsulates the essence of the reconstructive theory of memory, which suggests that memory can be reconstructed due to the influence of various factors. This paper explores the stages of memory processing and how it can be distorted. The reconstructive theory, originally proposed by Bartlett, suggests that memories are actively reconstructed based on cues and information, rather than being exact replicas of past events. The theory is supported by studies demonstrating memory modifications and false memories. While there are alternative explanations, the reconstructive theory remains the most widely accepted and reliable explanation for the nature of memory.
Keywords: Reconstructive theory, Memory, Memory Distortion
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